In an interview with Routesonline at the Paris Air Show 2019, the Director General of the European Commission for Mobility and Transport Henrik Hololei (pictured right) confirmed that 37 of the 38 EU and ASEAN countries involved were already in agreement. He said an open ski agreement was now a matter of « when » and not « if. » It was expected that all ASEAN airlines would have unlimited operations of third, fourth and fifth freedom in the Den Geneinern region. However, when the deadline expires in early 2016, three ASEAN members – the Philippines, Indonesia and Laos – are reluctant to ratify the full agreement. At present, Indonesia remains opposed to the opening of its secondary cities, the Philippines has excluded Manila from the agreement and Laos has not yet released Luang Prabang and the capital Vientiane.  « We hoped that we would have already signed the agreement, but we will get it sooner rather than later, » Hololei said. The proposals for an « open skies » agreement between the EU and ASEAN were first announced in February 2014. The agreement would go beyond traffic rights to promote cooperation in air traffic safety and management. An EU report published in 2016 estimates that it could bring an economic benefit of 7.9 billion euros in the first seven years. ASEAN`s internal aviation market policy will take over from existing bilateral and multilateral air services agreements between Member States that are incompatible with their rules. On 7 June 2016, the Council authorised the Commission to open comprehensive air transport negotiations with ASEAN.
The future EU-ASEAN Comprehensive Air Agreement (CATA) will be the first bulk air transport agreement and will cover market access and a wide range of areas (security, air traffic management, social protection, consumption and environment, fair competition, etc.) in which regulatory convergence should be phased in. Negotiations are currently underway. EU and Indonesia sign an agreement on the promotion of air transport [IP/11/818, 30/06/2011] On 17 August 2009, the EU signed a horizontal air services agreement with Indonesia. This agreement allows any EU airline to fly between Indonesia and any EU Member State in which it is established and in which there is a bilateral agreement and traffic rights with Indonesia. It does not replace bilateral agreements, but adapts them to bring them in line with EU law. This is an important step in relation to the traditional organisation of air transport based on nationality restrictions and complements the EU`s internal external aviation market. The EU and Indonesia agree on a horizontal agreement on air services [IP/09/1236, 17/08/2009] The ASEAN-SAM Internal Aviation Market, also known as the ASEAN-Sky Agreement/Policy, is the region`s main aviation policy. It aims to develop a single aviation market between ASEAN members in South-East Asia, which is due to start on 1 January 2015, although not all agreements have yet to be signed.
 Aviation policy was proposed by the ASEAN Air Transport Working Group, supported by the ASEAN senior officials` meeting and supported by ASEAN transport ministers.  The creation of ASEAN-SAM was a key part of the roadmap for the creation of the ASEAN Economic Community.  The forth date agreement with ASEAN comes just weeks after the European Commission signed an air pact with Qatar, the first such agreement between the EU and the Gulf country.